Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry specializing in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. Not only can your orthodontist help you have a healthy, straight and beautiful smile, orthodontic treatment is an investment in your overall health and self confidence.
Most malocclusions (teeth that don’t fit together properly) are inherited, though some may be caused by thumb sucking, teeth grinding and spacing that occurs due to the early loss of a baby teeth or adult tooth extraction. Problems that go untreated can result in broken teeth, chewing and digestion difficulties, TMJ disorders, headache, neck pain, speech impairments, abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, tooth decay, gum disease and tooth loss.
Reasons for Orthodontic Treatment:
Your orthodontist will review your medical and dental history and take X-rays, photos and impressions of your teeth. Then we’ll discuss malocclusions and how we can improve appearance of your smile. An individualized treatment plan and estimate of treatment time will be determined.
Types of Braces
After careful evaluation, your orthodontist will determine the type of treatment required to achieve the desired result. Using the latest advancements on orthodontics, your doctor will create an individualized treatment plan using braces and appliances to correct malocclusions and provide ongoing assessment, adjustment and cleaning.
Cleaning is important during treatment because the brackets, archwire and the elastics on braces can cause food to easily become trapped and plaque buildup increases. Maintaining optimal oral hygiene is essential in order to avoid tooth decay and gum disease.
When treatment is completed, your braces or appliances are removed and you will be given a new appliance such as a removable retainer or fixed retainer. Retainers will help to maintain the corrections that were made during treatment and are used consistently until your teeth and bone are firmly established in their new positions. Retainers are usually worn at night after used daily for a period recommended by our doctors. The length of time that a retainer will be used will be determined by your orthodontist.
The duration of treatment and retention phases will vary with each patient.